ANTI-BULLYING MODEL POLICY
At Norbury Hall Primary school we are committed to working with children, staff, governors and parents/carersto create a school community where bullying is not tolerated.
Our school is a place where every person has the right to be themselves, to be included and to learn in a safe and happy environment. Everyone at our school is equal and treats each another with respect and kindness
Bullying of any kind is unacceptable and will not be tolerated at our school. At our school the safety, welfare and well-being of all pupils and staff is a key priority. We take all incidences of bullying seriously and it is our duty as a whole school community to take measures to prevent and tackle any bullying, harassment or discrimination.
We actively promote values of respect and equality and work to ensure that difference and diversity is celebrated across the whole school community. We want to enable our pupils to become responsible citizens and to prepare them for life in 21st Century Britain. These values reflect those that will be expected of our pupils by society, when they enter secondary school and beyond in the world of work or further study.
We are committed to improving our school’s approach to tackling bullying and regularly monitor, review and assess the impact of our preventative measures.
We define bullying as:
‘Behaviour by an individual or a group, usually repeated over time, where an imbalance of power is used to intentionally hurt another either physically or emotionally.’
What bullying is not
We accept that bullying in not the occasional falling out with friends, minor peer group disputes, or when the occasional trick or joke is played on someone. It is bullying if it is done “Several Times On Purpose” (STOP).
Developing a whole school approach
At our school we work closely with members of the schools’ community to ensure the involvement and participation of students, parents, staff, governors and the wider community as part of the development of policy related to supporting a positive ethos within the school.
We believe that:
- All bullying is unacceptable irrespective of how it happens and/or what excuses are given in an attempt to justify it.
- All bullying is unacceptable, irrespective of how it happens and/or what justification is given
- We must investigate all incidents of bullying and take action where necessary, supporting both the bully and the victim at all times.
- We must take of incidents of bullying seriously and consider the needs of those affected.
- Children who bully must be held to account for their wrongdoing, but may need support to change their attitudes and behaviour.
- Accountability will be sought in all incidents of bullying, seeking identification of wrongdoing and supporting repairing of harm done through a solution based approach.
- All inappropriate language that perpetuates attitudes underpinning bullying behaviour must be challenged at all times.
- Everyone in our school has a responsibility to respond promptly and effectively to all instances of bullying.
- We must communicate with parents/carers regarding any concerns about bullying and deal promptly withcomplain
- All our children must feel safe and be confident that any reported incidents will be dealt with effectively by all responsible adults.
- It is important to focus upon preventing bullying behaviours in school.
Identifying and supporting vulnerable children
We work closely in school to identify particularly vulnerable groups, perhaps minority ethnic groups, travellers, refugees, LGBT pupils, midterm arrivals, pupils who transfer late into the school, children or young people in care, young carers, teenage parents and those with other special needs who may find it more difficult to make or sustain friendships.
As a school we plan positive action to support these pupils with all relevant staff members and provide additional support where necessary, for example peer support through buddy schemes and help them access clubs and out of school provision.
Who is bullied?
Anybody could be subject to bullying at any time in their life. It is not only something that affects children and young people.
A person is bullied when, either as an individual or part of a group, she or he suffers in any way from the direct result of intentional and persistent harassment and/or victimisation by another individual or group.
A person who has been bullied may commonly find it difficult to combat victim behaviour or report their experiences to those who may be able to help them.
Below are some factors that can make people vulnerable:
Children and young people who are at most increased risk of being the victims or perpetrators of bullying are those who:
- are in foster care or residential homes (looked after children)
- have specific special educational needs (especially on the autistic spectrum)
- have a disability or impairment
- are from minority ethnic backgrounds
- are refugees or asylum seekers
- start a school or activity group mid term
- are, or are perceived to be, gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender or questioning of their sexuality or gender
- speak a first language other than English
- are young carers
- have suffered bereavement
- have suffered domestic violence
- have experienced physical or emotional trauma
- have a parent that was a victim of bullying.
Methods of bullying:
There are a number of methods of bullying which can be summarised as:
- Physical aggression – hitting, kicking, tripping up, spitting, taking or damaging property, use of threat or force in any way, intimidation or demands for money or goods
- Verbal – name calling, insulting, teasing, ‘jokes’, mocking, taunting, gossiping, secrets, threats. Reference to upsetting events e.g. bereavement, divorce, being in care
- Non-verbal – staring, body language, gestures
- Indirect – excluding, ostracising, rumours and stories, emails, chat rooms, messaging phones, notes, inappropriate gestures
- Cyber – text messaging, internet chat rooms, the use of social media applications such as Snapchat, Instagram or WhatsApp, burn pages (on Facebook), , the misuse of camera or video facilities (including the self-generated inappropriate images), offensive questions (on ask.fm), nasty inbox messages
We acknowledge that some acts of bullying will constitute a criminal offence and in these cases other organisations will need to be contacted e.g. the Police or Social Care
Types of Bullying
There a various types of bullying which can be summarised as:
- Racist and faith based – name calling, derogatory assumptions or generalisations about race, culture, religious faiths and beliefs
- Sexual orientation –homophobic, transphobic or biphobic – based on actual or perceived sexual orientation, and can include name calling, exclusion and gestures, negative stereotyping based on sexual orientation, using ‘gay’ as a negative term, warning others about a person, graffiti, etc.
- Appearance – based on weight, size, hair colour, unusual physical features
- Sexual – touching, repeated exhibitionism, voyeurism, sexual propositioning, verbal personal comment or deviant desires communicated
- Disability – name calling, exclusion, talking over a person, mimicking, physical overpowering (e.g. moving a wheelchair), laughing at a difficulty
- Health – based on physical or mental conditions
- Income based – of living on a low income
- Transgender – based on perception of gender identity
- Caring responsibilities – name calling, negative assumptions/misunderstandings about young carers.
- Related to home or personal situation
Derogatory or offensive language is not acceptable and will not be tolerated. This type of language can take any of the forms of bullying listed in our definition of bullying. It will be all challenged by staff and recorded and monitored on [SIMS or other school database or central recording system] and follow up actions and sanctions, if appropriate, will be taken for pupils and staff found using any such language. Staff are also encouraged to record the casual use of derogatory language using informal mechanisms such as a classroom log.
Possible indicators of bullying include:
We recognise that the following behaviours may suggest someone is being bullied. However we also recognise that the list is not exhaustive.
- disturbed sleep
- head and stomach aches
- problems with concentration,
- changes in behaviour and attitude
- bullying other children
- damaged or missing clothes / money / property,
- asking for more money than usual or stealing money
- withdrawn or changes in their usual behaviour patterns or attitude
- distressed or emotional and finds it hard to articulate their feelings
- changes in their eating patterns
- changes in their online activity
- shows evidence of self-harming or even for extreme cases potential suicide
- is unusually tired without a reasonable explanation
- has unexplained bruises or marks on their body, (some may refuse to change for PE)
- repeatedly comes to school without dinner money or a packed lunch
- seems afraid to be alone and requires more adult interaction.
To prevent bullying in our school we will:
Develop our wider curriculum to ensure:
- All members of the school community feel listened to and valued through the integration of Restorative Approaches into all areas of school life.
- All children and young people are clear about the roles they can take in preventing bullying, including the role of bystanders.
- A climate exists where bullying and violence are not tolerated
- Develop peer support systems to prevent and respond to bullying
- Promote safe play/ social areas
- Audit our site regularly to establish that children feel safe, especially known vulnerable areas
- Ensure that staff model positive relationships at all times
- Train all staff to identify and address bullying
Dealing with an Incident
When bullying has been reported, the following actions will be taken:
- Staff will investigate and record the bullying on an incident reporting form and also record the incident centrally on [SIMS or other school database, or central paper recording system]
- Designated school staff will monitor incident reporting forms and information recorded on [SIMS or other school database, or central paper recording system] analysing and evaluating the results
- Designated school staff will produce termly reports summarising the information, which the head teacher will report to the governing body
- Staff will offer support to the victim with the pupil’s class teacher/ form tutor. Individual meetings will then be held to devise a plan of action that ensures they are made to feel safe and reassured that the bullying is not their fault, this may involve a restorative meeting. Action plans will make use of [school initiatives such as mentors, buddy systems and lunchtime monitoring)
- Staff will pro-actively respond to the perpetrator bully who may require support. They will discuss with the target’s class teacher to devise a plan of action
- Staff will decide whether to inform parents or carers and where necessary involve them in any plans of action
- Staff will assess whether any other authorities (such as police or the local authority) need to be involved, particularly when actions take place outside of school
Safeguarding procedures must be followed when child protection concerns arise
Bullying outside of school
Bullying is unacceptable and will not be tolerated, whether it takes place inside or outside of school. Bullying can take place on the way to and from school, before or after school hours, at the weekends or during the holidays, or in the wider community. The nature of cyber bullying in particular means that it can impact on pupils’ well-being beyond the school day. Staff, parents and carers, and pupils must be vigilant to bullying outside of school and report and respond according to their responsibilities as outlined in this policy.
Recording and reporting:
We maintain a system of data collection and analysis in relation to any reported incidents of bullying in school. Termly feedback is made available for governors via the Headteacher report.
All staff will use the agreed reporting format to alert the HT/designated SLT member of any bullying related incidents.
Sanctions in response to Bullying
Our staff will always be mindful of the school’s agreed Behaviour and Discipline Policy in relation to the imposition of sanctions on those children whose actions are deemed to be bullying. Sanctions which may be used must always be proportionate and appropriate to the age of the child and the severity and frequency of the bullying. These will normally be imposed by the Class Teacher initially and in some cases may be taken further by the Headteacher, Deputy Headteacher or Assistant Headteacher.
Sanctions will include:
- a sincere apology to the victim(s) verbally and/or in writing.
- loss of school privileges
- loss of playtimes or lunchtimes
- loss of Golden Time
- parents will be requested to discuss the matter at school with the member of staff responsible for setting the sanction.
- child will go on a self-improvement report/playtime/lunchtime behaviour log
- be withdrawn from school teams, after school clubs, discos and activities
- fixed term exclusion
- permanent exclusion
Monitoring and evaluation:
We will check through a range of pupil voice, circle work and other activities, the experience our children have of our anti-bullying policy in relation to:
- Being heard
- Being able to report bullying and get help
- Being confident in the school’s ability to deal with the bullying
- Being aware that steps are taken to help them feel safe again
- Being helped to rebuild confidence and resilience
- Being aware of how they can get support from others
This overview, together with the data analysis, will be the starting point of the policy review and change in practice.
The governing body ratified this policy at their meeting on November 16th 2018
This policy will be reviewed at least every two years after full consultation with children, parents, staff and governors.
Signed: Colin Winder, Chair of Governors Date: 16th November
Links to other school policies:
This anti-bullying policy links to a range of policies/strategies, including:
Equalities and diversity policy
Care and control policy
Responsible Use policy
School Development plan
Restorative Approaches strategy
- Frequently asked questions
- Stockport’s Anti-bullying Charter
- BSS Audit
- Anti-bullying Checklist for schools
- Organisations that can offer support
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: Should we prioritise tackling some types of bullying over others?
A: Immediate physical safety obviously comes first. All bullying, whatever the motivation or method, is unacceptable and should not be tolerated. Some issues will be more familiar to schools than others and this guidance points to other specialist organisations for further information about how to tackle specific types of bullying. Please see ‘Further Sources of Information’ at the end of this document.
Q: Should we investigate bullying incidents involving our pupils when they occur outside of school?
A: Yes. If an incident of bullying outside the school premises is reported to the school, it is important that it is investigated and appropriate action is taken..
Q: How can we involve parents more in our anti-bullying work?
A: Schools should talk to parents about their anti-bullying policy and make it available to them and prospective parents as part of their behaviour policy. Schools should ensure that parents know what measures are being taken to prevent bullying, as well as how incidents are responded to, and may also encourage positive messages about good behaviour and respect for others at home.
Q: Should I record incidents of bullying?
A: Staff should develop a consistent approach to monitoring bullying incidents in their school and evaluating whether their approach is effective. For some schools, that will mean recording incidents so that they can monitor incident numbers and identify where bullying is recurring between the same pupils.
An Anti-Bullying Charter for Stockport Schools
This an award awarded to;
Chair of Governors: Colin Winder
Headteacher: Jacqui Ames
Representative of pupils: School Council
‘Bullying is behaviour by an individual or a group which is repeated overtime, where an imbalance of power is used to intentionally hurt anothereither physically or emotionally.’
Our school community will:
- Work with staff, pupils and parents/carers to create a school communitywhere bullying is not tolerated
- Discuss, monitor and review our anti-bullying policy every two years
- Keep a high profile in and around school to prevent bullying behavioursdeveloping
- Support staff to promote positive relationships and identify and tackle bullyingappropriately
- Investigate incidents of bullying and take action where necessary,supporting individuals at all times
- Ensure that pupils are aware that all bullying concerns will be dealt withsensitively and effectively so that pupils feel safe to learn and that pupilsabide by the anti-bullying policy
- Report back quickly to parents/carers regarding any concerns on bullying anddeal promptly with complaints. Parents/carers in turn will work with the schoolto uphold the anti-bullying policy
- Learn and share good practice and utilise the support of the Local Authorityand other agencies where appropriate
Appendix 2 – A self-review tool for challenging bullying in schools
A self review tool for challenging bullying in schools
The following procedure can be used to gather evidence for the individual checklists then to create an anti-bullying action plan:
- Schools to make a floor plan of their school including grounds and leaving a space for outside school grounds.
- Teachers distribute one floor plan to each child.
- Teachers discuss the terms ‘unsafe’ and ‘safe’ with groups and what this means. Also discuss feelings associated with feeling like this.
- Children put a red dot on the plan for everywhere they feel unsafe and a green dot for everywhere they feel safe. Also put a red outside grounds if they feel unsafe anywhere on the way to or from school.
- Teachers to collate areas of concern within their own group discuss the reasons for this unsafe feeling and fill in the individual group self -review checklists (example pro forma following).
- In a staff meeting all staff collate individual audits and record action to be taken and when. (example pro forma following).